Cucumbers on the balcony: from seed to harvest



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Garden plants

Residents of urban high-rise buildings have little choice in terms of fresh fruits and vegetables: they have to buy what the supermarket has to offer, because you can't hit the market every day. But if you have a glazed balcony well-lit by the sun, you can grow fresh cucumbers even in a small city apartment. We will now tell you how to do this.

The choice of seeds and the timing of sowing cucumbers on the balcony

Buying cucumber seeds for growing on your own balcony is now easy. In such conditions, shade-tolerant hybrids grow better, forming medium-sized fruits and not requiring pollination.

In the photo: Varieties of cucumbers for growing on the balcony

Sowing of cucumbers is necessary in the last days of April or at the beginning of May. If you sow them too early, a number of problems can arise: from a lack of light, seedlings can stretch in height, which will further negatively affect the fruiting process.

Ovaries should not be allowed to appear before you move the plants to the balcony.

Sowing cucumbers for seedlings

For sowing cucumbers, you need to prepare a seedling container and a substrate:

  • capacity: suitable plastic flower containers with drainage holes and a tray or pots (preferably peat) with coasters for excess water to drain;
  • substrate: you need a light but fertile soil. In the store you can buy a universal soil for growing seedlings of tomatoes and cucumbers. For looseness, it is advisable to add perlite to it.

Before sowing, cucumber seeds are treated for pests. As a rule, for these purposes, a solution of potassium permanganate of medium strength is used. After processing, the seed is washed under running water and dried. The seeds are buried in the seedling substrate, which must also be sterilized two weeks before sowing, by 1.5-2 cm. The crops are covered with a transparent material that does not allow air to pass through and placed on a well-lit windowsill.

Cucumber seedling care

Cucumber is a moisture-loving plant. Prior to seed germination, the surface of the substrate is regularly sprayed with a spray bottle. Under favorable conditions, the first shoots will appear 3-4 days after planting, and then the coating can be removed. The temperature in the room while waiting for seedlings should be at least 20 ºC.

At home, seedlings are grown until they have 2-3 true leaves. Then the seedlings are tempered before being placed on the balcony: they leave an open window in the room in the daytime, and on warm and sunny days they put the seedlings on the balcony under the direct rays of the sun.

Finally, the seedlings are moved to the balcony when the outside air temperature reaches 15 ºC. Regular watering of plants is required.

How to arrange cucumbers on the balcony

On the balcony, the plants will continue to actively develop. With the appearance of 5-6 leaves, the seedlings will need support. At first, you can use ordinary wooden supports for indoor plants, but as it grows further, the vine will need a garter. For these purposes, a rope is fixed at a height of about 2 meters (you can use a clothesline). One end of it should hang freely over the seedling. The grown liana should be slightly wrapped around and fixed on a rope. You can vertically stretch a net next to the cucumbers, along which they will climb themselves.

In the photo: How to place cucumbers on the balcony

Caring for cucumbers on the balcony

The most important thing in caring for cucumbers is daily watering. They moisten not only the soil, but also the air around the plants, spraying them from a spray bottle. You can even add water to the pan: the roots of the cucumber grow through the drainage holes and absorb moisture in this way. In very hot weather, you need to shade the cucumbers from the sun so that their leaves do not burn. As the plants grow, they are fed. The first feeding is applied two weeks after the emergence of seedlings, and in the future, cucumbers can be fertilized once a week.

It is not difficult to grow cucumbers on the balcony, and if you follow the rules of agricultural technology, you can get a wonderful harvest.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the family Pumpkin
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online

Sections: Pumpkin Fruit Garden Plants Plants on About Cucumbers


How to grow cucumbers on a windowsill in an apartment: technology for growing a rich harvest

It is not necessary to have your own garden to grow a rich harvest of cucumbers. It is enough to find a variety that can be grown at home on a windowsill or balcony, and select suitable containers and soil. Most varieties are unpretentious in care, requiring a minimum of time and effort.

Consider the technology of growing cucumbers at home and find out how to plant, water and feed them correctly in order to get a big harvest.


Seed consumption

  • Dill - 1 bag of bush variety
  • Parsley - 1 sachet
  • Salad - 1 sachet
  • Basil - buy a lot, since it can be planted almost in a bundle, that is, there is a distance of 2-3 cm between it. This will not allow it to bloom for a long time. And if he tries to bloom, then break off the flower.
  • Chard - 6 seeds
  • Cucumber - 15 seeds with a stock.
  • Tomatoes - you can plant both 1 plant and 2 plants in one hole!
  • Pepper - 1 bush in 1 pot.
  • Onions - we buy at the rate of 2 packing-mesh onion sets, better than the Stuttgarten variety (it is early ripening) for 1 meter container (stick the onions as close to each other as possible! Do not be afraid to thicken it!).
  • Radish - 2-3 packs.
  • Peas - it can be planted in a standard container in 2 rows, the distance between plants is 5-6 cm, no more. Calculate locally.
  • Beans - 3-4 bushes maximum, that is, 3-4 beans.

Sowing and planting cucumbers for the balcony:

  1. Hold the seeds in potassium permanganate for 30 minutes.
  2. Place the seeds on a damp cloth for 1-2 days before they hatch.
  3. Pour living earth into cups in cups to make holes for draining excess water and airing!
  4. 5 minutes before sowing the nashed seeds, spill cups of soil with hot water (60 - 70 degrees).
  5. In each glass, sow 1 naklynuyuyuschee grain to a depth of 1.5 cm and put in a warm place (25-30 degrees).
  6. In order to avoid some diseases of the cucumber at the stage of growing seedlings, it is good to anoint the cups on the sides with "asterisk" balm.
  7. As soon as the cucumber seedlings appear on the surface of the soil, transfer the cups to the light. Make sure there is no draft! And the temperature is sufficient 18 - 20 - 22 degrees.
  8. Moderate watering, do not overfill! Water with settled warm water (a bottle of water for irrigation - on the battery).
  9. Seedlings are grown for 25 days and fed 2 times: 1 top dressing - after 2 weeks, 2 - a week after the first. Consumption - 1 glass for 1 plant. You can take either Ideal or something special for cucumbers.
  10. The box for disembarking at a permanent place should be 15 cm deep, it is possible deeper (arbitrary depth), width, if in a straight line (the right side according to the scheme), then = 40 cm, but it is possible less and more - not much of a difference. On the left (according to the scheme), you can make either a rectangular box, or an angle (an angular one will facilitate the approach to other crops located at a corner, but an acute angle should not be an angle, but, as it were, chopped off, and be 15 cm in width). Another option that has been tried is to plant the cucumbers in buckets or pots, but remember to make holes for excess water and air. Be sure to put boxes or buckets on something (bars, bricks) so that air circulates freely under the container.
  11. If your balcony is always very windy, then stretch the film on the narrow side to protect the cucumbers from the wind.
  12. Immediately before planting seedlings in a permanent place, boxes with living earth are spilled, 3 hours before, with a warm solution of potassium permanganate (1 g per 10 liters).
  13. 2 hours before transplanting to a permanent place, the seedlings are watered with warm water (30 degrees).
  14. A hole is made in the box, very carefully so as not to damage the roots, the seedlings are taken out of the glass and planted.
  15. Several nails are nailed to the box and twine (rope) is tied to them to the very top - 2 ropes per plant (according to experience). And then gently help the plant to entangle itself around them.
  16. Pluck extra mustaches once a week (those that do not hold the plant).

From personal experience - in order not to injure the seedlings, do not sow them in peat pots! And sow in disposable plastic, 500-gram containers!

I would recommend varieties that do not require shaping! Check this fact when purchasing seeds. And it is important that the cucumbers are self-pollinated!


Selection of varieties

To always have fresh cucumbers at home, it is necessary to pay special attention to the choice of varieties for the limited possibilities of the apartment. The modern agricultural industry can provide a variety of varieties for growing crops at home. But in order to choose the right variety, you need to carefully study the recommendations for growing from the manufacturer, which are indicated on the package, or resort to the help of a store consultant. To grow cucumbers on the balcony, you need to choose a variety that meets the following conditions:

  • cucumbers should be shade-tolerant
  • the crop should be medium or small
  • the fruiting stage should occur without pollination.

On the packaging of popular manufacturers, you can find a note that this crop can be grown on the balcony or at home. Among the most popular hybrids, you can find the following varieties: City Gherkin, Balagan, Balkonny and Courage.


Features of cucumber

The creeping rough shoots of cucumbers are about 200 cm long, which end in a mustache, they catch on to the support. Five-lobed leaf plates are heart-shaped. The juicy, bubbly, polyspermous fruit has an emerald green color, its structure is typical for the Pumpkin. The varieties differ in the size and shape of the fruit. They are 95 percent water, and they also contain the following trace elements useful for the human body: iron, magnesium, phosphorus, calcium and vitamins - C, B1, B2, provitamin A. The juice of this fruit is considered a structured liquid that removes toxins well and toxins and has a beneficial effect on the human body. Such fruits contain iodine in compounds that are easily absorbed by the body.


Cucumber growing instructions

If cucumbers grow on the balcony in winter, then it should be glazed, insulated, without drafts. Even short-term hypothermia at night can affect the development of seedlings. Now a huge number of different hybrids have been bred, intended specifically for home cultivation.

Preparatory measures before sowing

You need to grow cucumbers on the southern, eastern windowsills or balconies. But if the northern balcony is not scary, the main thing is that it is well insulated and warmed up in winter. Shelves are prepared on which containers with seedlings will be located. If space is small, the pots can be hung on the balcony wall, this saves space and makes it possible to better illuminate all the seedlings.

The preparatory work before sowing seeds includes:

  • choosing a place on the windowsill or balcony
  • purchase of convenient containers with a volume of at least 5 liters: pots, boxes, buckets, flowerpots, large plastic bottles
  • preparation and disinfection of soil, filling containers with soil mixture
  • selection and purchase of seeds
  • seed processing.

The choice of soil mixture

Plants will grow and develop in fertile, loose soil. The correct soil mixture is the key to the health of cucumber seedlings, normal development and fruiting. You can buy ready-made land from the store or make it yourself. It is better to take the acquired soil with a universal pH of 6.2-6.8.

A variant of the prepared substrate, all components in equal proportions:

  • garden land
  • small sawdust
  • sand
  • peat
  • turf
  • humus.

All components are well mixed, the mixture is poured with manganese solution or sent to the oven at a temperature of 60 * C for 30 minutes. The next day, 1 teaspoon of superphosphate and potassium sulfate is added to 1 bucket of the mixture. Drainage requires vermiculite or perlite. Birch ash has a beneficial effect on the development of seedlings. It is added 500 g per bucket of soil.

The choice of container for seedlings

The container should not be too tight so that the root system of the cucumbers is not cramped, otherwise it will lag behind in development. 200 ml plastic cups or cassettes will do. It is better to plant the cucumbers in peat glasses, the seedlings are transferred to large pots along with the cups, the roots do not suffer, the peat serves as an additional top dressing.

After 3-4 strong leaves appear, the seedlings are transplanted into large 5-liter pots, 5-10 liter buckets, 5-6 liter plastic bottles, tall and long wooden or plastic containers. Some hobbyists grow cucumbers in strong plastic bags. Any container must necessarily have drainage holes.

Sowing seeds

Before purchasing seeds, check the expiration dates on the label. If the seeds are not good, they may not sprout. Cucumber seeds for growing on the balcony are processed, no additional steps are required. But if the seeds were collected independently or were purchased from hands, then disinfection must be carried out. Seed material is soaked in a manganese solution for 20 minutes, then taken out of the solution, washed and spread on wet gauze for germination. It takes 2-3 days to peck seeds, all this time the fabric is moistened.

Each seed must be planted in an individual pot with soil mixture. Drainage holes are made at the bottom of the glass, a little vermiculite is placed and the substrate is poured onto 2/3 of the glass. The seeds are deepened by 1.5 cm, laid flat, covered with earth and sprayed with a spray bottle. It is better to cover the top with a bag until sprouts appear. Leave containers on a sunny windowsill at a temperature of 23-26 degrees. Seedlings will appear in 6-8 days.

Growing seedlings

From the first days of life, seedlings need uniform lighting so that the seedlings do not stretch to one side. To do this, the pots are turned constantly every week. Lighting per day for at least 10-12 hours for seedlings. If you have planted 2 seeds and both have sprouted, then the seedlings must be planted. The temperature for germination is 22-25 * С. Watering the seedlings of cucumbers on the windowsill is necessary only as the soil dries, excessive watering will lead to the appearance of fungus and rotting of the roots.

When 2 leaves have appeared, the seedlings are fertilized with liquid complex fertilizers. But you need to breed it 5 times less than indicated in the instructions, so as not to harm the plants. The second feeding is done a week before transferring to a large container. The whole process of growing in cups takes about a month, after which the cucumbers are transplanted into a spacious container.

Indoor landings

You cannot delay the transplantation of seedlings, overgrown roots react painfully to transplantation. With the appearance of 3-4 leaves, the plants are transplanted into permanent pots on the balcony until the flowers appear. Only one seedling is planted in one pot. Holes are made in each container and drainage is laid on the bottom. A pallet is placed under the container, onto which excess liquid will run.

After transferring the seedlings, they immediately put home-made trellises - a net, ropes, sticks, stairs. As the cucumbers grow, the plants are tied to supports with a cloth or rope made of natural material.


Cucumbers

Do you have a summer cottage but still buy cucumbers from the market? Find out how to get a good harvest without too much effort.

Salad: Nightingale F1, Crane, Phoenix, Early Altai, North, Dachny F1, Bluff F1, Saltan F1, Photon F1, Stork, Parade, Moscow Gherkin F1, Irresistible 40, Synthesis.

Salting: Spring F1, Finger, Competitor, Salting, Kharkiv, Altai, Favorite, Nezhensky, Murom, Voronezh, Courage F1, Parisian gherkin, Cheerful guys, Barrel pickling F1, Gypsy F1, Reliable, Cascade, Kustovoy.

Universal: Stork, Blagodatny, Photon F1, Squadron, Coastal, Vostok, Bluff F1, Farmer F1, Ussuriysky 3, Khabar, Druzhina F1, Dachny F1, Serpentine, Regia F1, Moravian gherkin F1, Marinda F1, Libelle F1, Levina F1, Cruise F1, Crane F1, Keith, Duet.

Greenhouse: Goosebump F1, Thumb Boy F1, Benefit F1, Emelya F1, Leandro F1, Prestige F1, Arina F1, Amur F1, Acorn F1.

Balcony: Moscow greenhouse, Graceful, Balcony F1, Hummingbird F1, Nezhinsky local, Biryusa, Makhaon F1, Gribovsky F1, Maisky F1, Stella, Malachite, Lada, VIR 516, VIR 517, Ant, Buyan, Halley, Russian, Home, Regatta.

Cucumbers prefer well-lit and sheltered places from the wind. However, they also tolerate light partial shade well.

And if you want to get a very early harvest, make a special warm or high bed for them.

Cucumbers grow best on loose and fertile soil, which has been applied with organic fertilizers.

If the soil on the site is acidic or slightly acidic (this can be determined using a simple test), in the fall, during the digging of the beds, lime must be added to it at the rate of 300-500 g per 1 sq. M.

Good: all types of cabbage, onions, garlic, tomatoes, potatoes, peppers, eggplant, beets, carrots, legumes and green crops, green manure.

Cucumbers are sown after the night air temperature for 3 days holds at 12 ° C and above.

In the middle lane, cucumbers in open ground can be sown at several times:

To increase germination and destroy pathogens, cucumber seeds are dipped in a dark pink solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate) for 20 minutes. Then they are washed under running water.

After that, the seeds are laid out on a damp cloth and germinated for 2-3 days in a warm place. When they bite, start sowing.

The garden is prepared in the fall. To do this, the soil is dug to a depth of 25 cm and manure is applied (3-7 kg per 1 square meter), phosphorus-potassium fertilizers (25-30 g) and, if necessary, lime (100-250 g per 1 square meter, depending on soil acidity level).

Plants are often watered (as soon as the topsoil dries up), abundantly and only with warm (at least 18 ° C) water. Most of all, they need water during the formation of fruits, otherwise the greens will be bitter. Leaves of plants that lack moisture become brittle and darken.

However, excess watering for cucumbers is also harmful. From this, the leaves acquire a pale green color, and the fruits and the plants themselves can rot.

First time the cucumbers are fed when they have 1-2 true leaves. The solution is prepared at the rate of 10 g of superphosphate, 10 g of ammonium nitrate and 10 g of potassium salt per 10 liters of water. 70-100 ml of top dressing is consumed per plant.

Second time the cucumbers are fed after 2 weeks (for 10 liters of water - 20 g each of ammonium nitrate, potassium salt and superphosphate). Plants are watered at the root so that fertilizer does not get on its green parts.

During the mass harvest, it is recommended to spray cucumbers several times with a 0.5% potassium sulfate solution. This will help to significantly increase the yield.

The most common diseases of cucumbers are powdery mildew, root rot, anthracnose, mosaic, white rot and bacteriosis.

Cucumbers can suffer from aphids, whiteflies, slugs and spider mites.

When the first greens appear, the crop is harvested after 2 days, then every other day, and during the mass ripening of fruits - every day. Cucumbers are torn off carefully so as not to damage the whip. They remove not only good, but also overgrown, sick and ugly fruits. they delay the formation of new ovaries and cause premature aging of plants.

We will tell you how to competently grow cucumber seedlings at home.


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